Biodiversity means the diversity and variability of life on Earth in all its forms and interactions. It includes the diversity within species, between species and the diversity of ecosystems. Preserving biodiversity carries great responsibility and high importance in terms of maintaining a good condition of our environment. Both the EU’s biodiversity strategy and the global strategy are aimed at rebalancing nature. The scope of planned activities also covers the Baltic Sea region, as mentioned in the article.

Our article refers to international and EU arrangements for the protection of biodiversity. The EU’s 2030 strategy covers the following tasks: protection of at least 30% of Europe’s land and seas based on the current Natura 2000 areas; remediation of degraded ecosystems across the EU through specific commitments and actions, including by reducing the use of pesticides and the risks associated with their use by 50% and the planting of 3 billion trees; to make EUR 20 billion a year available for biodiversity from EU, national and private funds; to inspire the world for an ambitious global biodiversity framework. The author focused on the threat to the biodiversity of the Baltic Sea, taking into account both natural environmental conditions and human activity. The article refers to the “Shadow Plan” of non-governmental organizations, covering four priority areas: biodiversity, eutrophication, hazardous substances and maritime activities. It is indicated, that according to the UN report from 2020, none of the selected biodiversity targets has been fully achieved.

Link to the article